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      首頁 LAMP教程實戰案例:實現CentOS 7 編譯安裝基于 fastcgi 模式的多虛擬主機的wordpress和discuz的LAMP架構

      實戰案例:實現CentOS 7編譯安裝基于httpd 模塊方式的LAMP

      課后練習:

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      實戰案例2

      目標

      實現CentOS 7 編譯安裝基于 fastcgi 模式的多虛擬主機的wordpress和discuz的LAMP架構

      環境準備

      兩臺主機:

      • 一臺主機:httpd+php(fastcgi模式)
      • 一臺主機:mariadb 服務器

      軟件版本:

      • mariadb-10.2.27-linux-x86_64.tar.gz 通用二進制格式
      • apr-1.7.0.tar.bz2
      • apr-util-1.6.1.tar.bz2
      • httpd-2.4.41.tar.gz
      • php-7.4.3.tar.xz 或 php-7.3.10.tar.bz2
      • wordpress-5.3.2-zh_CN.tar.gz
      • Discuz_X3.4_SC_UTF8【20191201】.zip
      實現步驟
      二進制安裝mariadb
      useradd -r -s /sbin/nologin mysql 
      tar xvf mariadb-10.2.27-linux-x86_64.tar.gz -C /usr/local
      cd /usr/local
      ls -sv mariadb-10.2.27-linux-x86_64 mysql 
      cd mysql
      chown -R root.root ./* 
      mkdir /data/mysql -p
      chown -R mysql.mysql /data/mysql
      mkdir /etc/mysql
      cp support-files/my-huge.cnf /etc/mysql/my.cnf 
      vim /etc/mysql/my.cnf 
      [mysqld]
      #加三行
      datadir =/data/mysql
      skip_name_resolve = ON 
      
      #準備PATH變量
      vim /etc/profile.d/lamp.sh
      PATH=/usr/local/mysql/bin/:$PATH
      .  /etc/profile.d/lamp.sh
      
      yum install libaio -y
      cd /usr/local/mysql;scripts/mysql_install_db  --user=mysql --datadir=/data/mysql
      cp support-files/mysql.server  /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysqld
      chkconfig --add mysqld
      service mysqld start 
      
      #為wordprss和discuz應用準備數據庫和用戶帳號
      mysql -uroot 
      mysql> create database wordpress;
      mysql> create database discuz;
      mysql> grant all on wordpress.* to wpuser@'192.168.8.%' identified by "wppass";
      mysql> grant all on discuz.* to discuz@'192.168.8.%' identified by 'dispass';
      編譯安裝 httpd 2.4.41
      #安裝相關包
      yum install gcc pcre-devel openssl-devel expat-devel -y
      
      #編譯安裝httpd
      tar xvf apr-1.7.0.tar.bz2  
      tar xvf apr-util-1.6.1.tar.bz2 
      tar xf httpd-2.4.41.tar.gz 
      mv apr-1.7.0 httpd-2.4.41/srclib/apr
      mv apr-util-1.6.1 httpd-2.4.41/srclib/apr-util
      
      cd httpd-2.4.41/
      ./configure \
      --prefix=/apps/httpd24 \
      --enable-so \
      --enable-ssl \
      --enable-cgi \
      --enable-rewrite \
      --with-zlib \
      --with-pcre \
      --with-included-apr \
      --enable-modules=most \
      --enable-mpms-shared=all \
      --with-mpm=event
      
      make && make install 
      
      #準備PATH變量
      vim /etc/profile.d/lamp.sh
      PATH=/apps/httpd24/bin:$PATH
       . /etc/profile.d/lamp.sh
      
      #創建和配置用戶和組
      useradd -s /sbin/nologin -r -u 88 apache
      vim /apps/httpd24/conf/httpd.conf
      user apache
      group apache
      
      #修改為event模式,編譯時已指定,此項不再需修改,可選項
      vim /apps/httpd24/conf/httpd.conf
      LoadModule mpm_event_module modules/mod_mpm_event.so                                  
      #LoadModule mpm_prefork_module modules/mod_mpm_prefork.so
      #LoadModule mpm_worker_module modules/mod_mpm_worker.so
      
      httpd -M |grep mpm
      mpm_event_module (shared)
      
      apachectl start
      
      [root@centos7 ~]#cat  /usr/lib/systemd/system/httpd.service
      [Unit]
      Description=The Apache HTTP Server
      After=network.target remote-fs.target nss-lookup.target
      Documentation=man:httpd(8)
      Documentation=man:apachectl(8)
      [Service]
      Type=forking
      #EnvironmentFile=/etc/sysconfig/httpd
      ExecStart=/apps/httpd24/bin/httpd $OPTIONS -k start
      ExecReload=/apps/httpd24/bin/httpd $OPTIONS -k graceful
      ExecStop=/apps/httpd24/bin/apachectl stop
      KillSignal=SIGCONT
      PrivateTmp=true
      [Install]
      WantedBy=multi-user.target
      編譯安裝 fastcgi 方式的 php 7.4
      #安裝相關包,依賴EPEL源
      #php 7.4 相關包
      yum install gcc libxml2-devel bzip2-devel libmcrypt-devel sqlite-devel oniguruma-devel
      #php 7.3 相關包
      yum install gcc libxml2-devel bzip2-devel libmcrypt-devel 
      
      #php7.4 編譯
      tar xvf php-7.4.3.tar.xz 
      cd php-7.4.3/
      
      ./configure \
      --prefix=/apps/php74 \
      --enable-mysqlnd \
      --with-mysqli=mysqlnd \
      --with-pdo-mysql=mysqlnd \
      --with-openssl    \
      --with-zlib  \
      --with-config-file-path=/etc \
      --with-config-file-scan-dir=/etc/php.d \
      --enable-mbstring \
      --enable-xml \
      --enable-sockets \
      --enable-fpm \
      --enable-maintainer-zts \
      --disable-fileinfo
      
      #編譯安裝php 7.3
      tar xvf php-7.3.10.tar.bz2
      cd php-7.3.10
      
      ./configure --prefix=/apps/php73 \
      --enable-mysqlnd \
      --with-mysqli=mysqlnd \
      --with-pdo-mysql=mysqlnd \
      --with-openssl \
      --with-freetype-dir \
      --with-jpeg-dir \
      --with-png-dir \
      --with-zlib \
      --with-libxml-dir=/usr \
      --with-config-file-path=/etc \
      --with-config-file-scan-dir=/etc/php.d \
      --enable-mbstring \
      --enable-xml \
      --enable-sockets \
      --enable-fpm \
      --enable-maintainer-zts \
      --disable-fileinfo
      
      make -j 4 && make install
      #準備PATH變量
      
      vim /etc/profile.d/lamp.sh
      PATH=/apps/php74/bin:/apps/httpd24/bin:$PATH
       . /etc/profile.d/lamp.sh
      
      vim /etc/profile.d/lamp.sh
      PATH=/apps/php73/bin:/apps/httpd24/bin:$PATH
       . /etc/profile.d/lamp.sh
      
      [root@centos7 ~]#php --version
      PHP 7.4.3 (cli) (built: Mar 11 2020 15:06:53) ( ZTS )
      Copyright (c) The PHP Group
      Zend Engine v3.4.0, Copyright (c) Zend Technologies
      
      [root@websrv ~]#/apps/php73/bin/php --version
      PHP 7.3.12 (cli) (built: Dec 14 2019 10:20:40) ( ZTS )
      Copyright (c) 1997-2018 The PHP Group
      Zend Engine v3.3.12, Copyright (c) 1998-2018 Zend Technologies
      
      #準備php配置文件和啟動文件
      cp php.ini-production  /etc/php.ini
      
      cp  sapi/fpm/php-fpm.service /usr/lib/systemd/system/
      cd /apps/php73/etc
      cp  php-fpm.conf.default  php-fpm.conf
      cd  php-fpm.d/
      cp www.conf.default www.conf
      
      #修改進程所有者
      vim /apps/php74/etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf
      user  apache
      group apache 
      #支持status和ping頁面
      pm.status_path = /fpm_status
      ping.path = /ping  
      
      #支持opcache加速
      mkdir /etc/php.d/
      vim /etc/php.d/opcache.ini
      [opcache]
      zend_extension=opcache.so               
      opcache.enable=1
      
      systemctl daemon-reload
      systemctl status php-fpm.service 
      systemctl enable --now  php-fpm.service 
      修改配置httpd 支持php-fpm
      vim /apps/httpd24/conf/httpd.conf
      #取消下面兩行的注釋
      LoadModule proxy_module modules/mod_proxy.so
      LoadModule proxy_fcgi_module modules/mod_proxy_fcgi.so
      #修改下面行
      <IfModule dir_module>
      DirectoryIndex index.php index.html
      </IfModule>
      #加下面三行
      AddType application/x-httpd-php .php
      AddType application/x-httpd-php-source .phps
      ProxyRequests Off
      
      #實現兩個虛擬主機
      <virtualhost *:80>
      servername wordpress.magedu.org
      documentroot /data/wordpress
      <directory /data/wordpress>
      require all granted
      </directory>
      ProxyPassMatch ^/(.*\.php)$ fcgi://127.0.0.1:9000/data/wordpress/$1
      #實現status和ping頁面
      ProxyPassMatch ^/(fpm_status|ping)$ fcgi://127.0.0.1:9000/$1 
      CustomLog "logs/access_wordpress_log" common
      </virtualhost>
      
      <virtualhost *:80>
      servername discuz.magedu.org
      documentroot /data/discuz
      <directory /data/discuz/>
      require all granted
      </directory>
      ProxyPassMatch ^/(.*\.php)$ fcgi://127.0.0.1:9000/data/discuz/$1
      CustomLog "logs/access_discuz_log" common
      </virtualhost> 
      
      apachectl restart
      準備wordpress和discuz! 相關文件
      #準備wordpress程序文件
      mkdir  /data/
      tar xvf  wordpress-5.3.2-zh_CN.tar.gz
      mv wordpress/ /data
      setfacl –R –m u:apache:rwx /data/wordpress/
      #或者chown –R apache.apache /data/wordpress
      
      #準備discuz!程序文件
      unzip Discuz_X3.4_SC_UTF8【20191201】.zip 
      mkdir /data/discuz
      mv upload/* /data/discuz
      setfacl -R -m u:apache:rwx /data/discuz/
      測試訪問
      vim /etc/hosts
      192.168.100.100 wordpress.magedu.org discuz.magedu.org

      打開瀏覽器訪問 http://wordpress.magedu.net 和http://discuz.magedu.net 分別進行初始化和安裝

      修改成UDS模式
      vim /apps/php/etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf
      ;listen = 127.0.0.1:9000
      listen = /run/php-fpm.sock
      listen.owner = apache
      listen.group = apache                                                                    
      listen.mode = 0660
      systemctl restart php-fpm
      
      ll /run/php-fpm.sock 
      srw-rw---- 1 apache apache 0 Dec 14 11:11 /run/php-fpm.sock
      
      vim /apps/httpd24/conf/httpd.conf
      <virtualhost *:80>
      servername wordpress.magedu.org
      documentroot /data/wordpress
      <directory /data/wordpress>
      require all granted
      </directory>
      #ProxyPassMatch ^/(.*\.php)$ fcgi://127.0.0.1:9000/data/wordpress/$1
      ProxyPassMatch ^/(.*\.php)$ "unix:/run/php-fpm.sock|fcgi://localhost/data/wordpress/"
      #ProxyPassMatch ^/(status|ping)$ fcgi://127.0.0.1:9000/$1
      ProxyPassMatch ^/(status|ping)$ "unix:/run/php-fpm.sock|fcgi://localhost/"    
      CustomLog "logs/access_wordpress_log" common
      </virtualhost>
      <virtualhost *:80>
      servername wordpress.magedu.org
      documentroot /data/wordpress
      <directory /data/wordpress>
      require all granted
      </directory>
      #ProxyPassMatch ^/(.*\.php)$ fcgi://127.0.0.1:9000/data/discuz/$1
      ProxyPassMatch ^/(.*\.php)$ "unix:/run/php-fpm.sock|fcgi://localhost/data/discuz/"
      #ProxyPassMatch ^/(status|ping)$ fcgi://127.0.0.1:9000/$1
      ProxyPassMatch ^/(status|ping)$ "unix:/run/php-fpm.sock|fcgi://localhost/"    
      CustomLog "logs/access_wordpress_log" common
      </virtualhost>
      
      apachectl restart

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      實戰案例:實現CentOS 7編譯安裝基于httpd 模塊方式的LAMP

      課后練習:

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      400块钱3小时上门服务,同城附近人100米,怎么找同城的人服务,夜场女都是为了钱吗